Targeting the H3K4 Demethylase KDM5B Reprograms the Metabolome and Phenotype of Melanoma Cells
Vogel, Felix C. E., Natalie Bordag, Elmar Zügner, Marija Trajkovic-Arsic, Heike Chauvistré, Batool Shannan, Renáta Váraljai, Susanne Horn, Christoph Magnes, Jens Siveke, Dirk Schadendorf, Alexander Roesch
Journal of Investigative Dermatology , 6/2019
Melanoma cells shift between epigenetic-metabolic states to adapt to stress and, particularly, to drugs. Here, we unraveled the metabolome of an H3K4 demethylase (KDM5B/JARID1B)-driven melanoma cell phenotype that is known to be multidrug resistant. We set up a fast protocol for standardized, highly sensitive liquid chromatography-high resolution mass spectrometry analyzing stably controlled KDM5B expression by RNAi or doxycycline-induced overexpression. Within the KDM5B-dependent metabolome, we found significant and highly specific regulation of 11 intracellular metabolites. Functionally, overexpression of KDM5B in melanoma cells led to broadening of their oxidative metabolism from mainly glutamine-dependent to additionally glucose- and fatty acid-utilizing, upregulation of the pentose phosphate pathway as a source of antioxidant NADPH, and maintenance of a high ratio of reduced to oxidized glutathione. Histone lysine demethylase inhibition (GSK-J1, 2,4-PDCA) decreased colony formation and invasion in three-dimensional models. Thus, targeting KDM5B could represent an alternative way of modulating the metabolome and malignant cell behavior in melanoma.
Keywords: mass spectrometry